Year of the Goat, Goat Fun, Goat Story
The auspicious Year of the Goat came to us leaping happily and bleating to us. "Sheep" represents good luck. When the Chinese ancestors made characters, they closely linked "yang" and "xiang". The image of sheep has always been cute and docile. Sheep are a loyal friend of mankind and a close companion of mankind. In the history of world civilization, in China's five thousand years of splendid culture, in people's daily life, there are countless anecdotes about sheep. Let us enjoy it together! This is a pleasing thing.
One, Chinese and foreign sheep fighting style-sheep in the game
Playing games is easy and fun. Readers and friends, please come with me to experience the ancient and modern style of fighting sheep and taming sheep.
Sheep Fighting Competition is a very popular folk entertainment in Tunisia with a history of more than 1,000 years. Nowadays, the people of Tunisia use sheep fighting competitions to develop tourism and attract foreign tourists. In 1975, Tunisia established the National Federation of Sheep Fighting and formulated a set of competition rules to regularize this activity.
The old folk customs of the Yellow River-fighting sheep. According to legend, the fight of the sheep began in the Three Kingdoms era. Once Cao Cao was defeated by Yuan Shao and retired Caozhou (now Heze). One day, Cao Cao suddenly saw the two sheep meet each other, very imposing. His spirit was lifted up, and he immediately thought about it: Why not take advantage of the arrival of the sheep to revive the army's might? So he summoned his men to watch the arrival of the sheep's performance, which really boosted the morale and the army's might. Cao Cao took the opportunity to fight back and defeated Yuan Shao. Since then, there has been a wind of fighting sheep. This kind of folk custom is spread in the area of the old course of the Yellow River at the junction of Jiangsu, Shandong, Henan and Anhui, and it is mostly held during temple fairs and fairs. Sheep fighting associations were established in some places in the late 1970s, making it an organized and regular traditional cultural entertainment.
Let us enjoy the enthusiastic scene of fighting sheep!
Fighting sheep began, and only a melodious silk and bamboo music was heard, accompanied by the unique suona sound of the ancient Yellow River, two male big sheep with curly hair and horns stood out. You see, with their leisurely expressions, they come together like a walk, licking and kissing each other, they are very close, and there is no way of fighting. After a while, with the gradual acceleration of the music rhythm, accompanied by intensive drums, the atmosphere of a group of generals about to appear on the stage spontaneously. The eyes of the two dueling sheep gradually turned red, rubbing their horns at each other, and their mouths sizzled. When the corners were frequently chaotic, the two owners pulled the sheep about 50 meters away only after the referee gave a whistle. At this time, the music stopped abruptly, and only the sound of "dang" was heard. The host slapped hard, and the two sheep flashed like two silver lights, like boxing masters fighting together. It is hard to separate. The loess is everywhere, and the audience is excited. Spectacular. This is repeated, and it takes about a few rounds of fighting to determine the male and female.
2. Playful Literature-Sheep in Chinese Idioms
idiom is a Chinese original. Adults are more mature when they read, and children are more knowledgeable.
1, Yangchang Bird Road. Describes narrow and winding roads, mostly mountain roads. This idiom comes from Tang Xuanzong's "Early ascend the Taihang Mountains in Yanzhi", "Fire Dragon and Bird Road, Iron Riding Around the Intestines". Also make the intestines. The eighth chapter of "Lao Can Travels": "Although this road is not a small road, it suddenly goes up and down, the stone path, the ice and snow freezes, and it is abnormally slippery." Deng Tuo, "Chen Cang Road": "The original mountain road is still seen now Yes, that can really be said to be a sheep intestine path!"
2. Sheep and wolf are greedy. Originally refers to being fierce and greedy for people, and blindly fighting for power. Later, it is often compared to corrupt officials who exploit and oppress the people fiercely. This idiom comes from "Historical Records · The Book of Xiang Yu": "As fierce as a tiger, as ruthless as a sheep, greedy as a wolf, and those who cannot be used in the border will be cut. Han Yu of the Tang Dynasty wrote in "The Preface to Yunzhou Xitang Poems and Poems": "Who is the gangfan, the root borer; the sheep and the wolf are greedy and cover the city with their mouth."
3. The wool comes out of the sheep. It is a metaphor that all expenses are spent on other people in the final analysis, and you don't have to pay for it yourself. The twenty-seventh chapter of "The Officialdom": "Also read:'Everything must be big and small, small and nothing. The wool comes out of the sheep. Wait for the surname Jia to give out two more, and let this matter pass safely, no Is it over?"" "Eighty-Eleven Dream·Eighth Dream": "An ordinary lipstick, you can knock on a stick of tens of dollars, and the broad person did not itch for you. , I can imagine that they also have wool on the sheep."
4. Sheep quality tiger skin. It was originally a sheep, but it was dressed in tiger skin. Originally refers to sheep dressed in tiger skin, but the cowardly nature has not changed. In the Han Dynasty, Yang Xiong said in "Fayan·Wu Zi": "Sheep quality and tiger skin, say when you see the grass, fight with jackals, forget the tiger's skin." Later, it was used as a metaphor for being strong in the middle or in vain. "Liu Yan Biography of the Later Han Dynasty": "The so-called sheep quality tiger skin, see the jackal, you will be afraid." Liang Zhangju of the Qing Dynasty, "Going to Tian Suo Ji·Gao Yu Nong Preface": "Sheep quality but tiger skin, but you can see it, but not see it Awesome." Zheng Zhen of the Qing Dynasty, "Chao Jingchao Poems · Volume Seven · Poems Shows the Coming of All Life Times": "Li, Du, Wang, and Meng are different in talents, but the quality of sheep is of tiger skin. Although it is a coincidence, Xiao is still a fake. He has always been a speaker, and he is definitely not a follower. The thirteenth chapter of "The Empress Dowager Cixi": "It seems that new opportunities are booming and the political situation is prosperous, but in fact it is just looting the fur without getting the essence, and the sheep is in the shape of a tiger. What is it?"
5. The tiger enters the flock. The tiger ran into the flock. It is a metaphor for the strong to rush into the weak and show power at will. The eleventh chapter of "The Romance of the Three Kingdoms": "Kong Rong sees Taishi Ci Yuguan and Zhang Gan killing the thieves, like a tiger entering a flock of sheep. The analogy is that the weak fall into the strong or the good fall into the hands of the bad. "Strange Tales from a Lonely Studio · Shao Jiuniang": "The mess is already unbearable for the sheep to steal into the tiger herd."
6. Remedy. The sheep is lost, so quickly repair the sheepfold. It is an analogy to remedy the mistakes in time. "Warring States Policy·Chu Policy IV": "It is not too late to make up for the lost sheep." Guo Moruo "Mourning for more than one": "Japan has surrendered, and we are fortunately spared from the pain of national subjugation. It is not too late to make up for the lost sheep."
7. Sheep get a cow. Lost the sheep but got the cow. It is a metaphor for small losses and big gains. The language version of "Huainanzi·Shuoshan Xun": "If you lose sheep and get cattle, you can lose it."
3. Sheep in Chinese and Foreign Poetry
What kind of image does the sheep look like in poetry?
There is a Song of Chi Le that even children can recite, which describes the vast and magnificent grassland scenery and nomadic life. Here the sheep becomes a landscape in the poem. "Chilechuan, under the Yin Mountain. The sky is like a dome, covering all fields. The sky is blue and the wild is vast. The wind blows the grass and sees cattle and sheep."
Wen Tingyun, a great poet of the Tang Dynasty who once served as a county lieutenant in Fangcheng, wrote in his poem "Su Wu Temple": "Before the soul of Su Wu was dismissed as an envoy to the Han Dynasty, the two tall trees in the ancient temple were at a loss. The geese on the edge of the cloud broke off Hu Tianyue, and the sheep were on the river. Go to Sai Caoyan."
Please read aloud a poem called "American Sheep" to enjoy the exotic atmosphere.
I am an American sheep
California is my hometown
楼 is placed on the soil
There are still white clouds floating in the middle
The trees are in rows
Like artificial incubation
The grass is green like eyes
makes the whole spring full of fantasy
The moon is full today, and the train is not so loud
I think it should be night in California
Chen Yi wrote in his poem "Le An Yi Huang Dao Zhong Wen Jie": "Thousands of cliffs and valleys are for the wild lodgings, and the sheep intestines and the birds laugh."
In Liu Yazi’s "Four Feelings", there is a tiger skin sheep quality one said: "The quality of tiger skin sheep is hard to leave, and the underground fathers are too late to regret."
The great poet Mei Yaochen of the Tang Dynasty sings in a poem "Send Wang Chatui to Dengzhou": "In the past, I went to Nanyang to recall Luoyang, and autumn oranges first mature and abundant forests and yellows. The car passes by the white water and the sand is wide and the geese fall. The pincers are long with Lu rice ears. Abandoned Han Dynasty stele with gold lettering, the ancient Qin mound stone is a sheep. Where did the Taiping Yu Lun ever exist? The host and the host welcomed each other and recommended the chrysanthemum. "At that time, the people of Nanyang had regarded the stone sheep as a mascot.
Fourth, the sheep in Chinese and foreign songs
The lyrics of the melodious song "Su Wu Shepherd" are like this.
Su Wu, Shepherd Sheep, North Seaside Ice and Snow
nineteen years in custody
thirsty to drink blood hunger swallow felt
Ye Mu Ye Lonely Sleep
Han She Ji dream of the old mountain
After all the difficulties, the difficulties are not yet returned
Wu sits in the extreme cold, when I hear Hu Ji’s ears hurt
Group geese Nanfei Who would like to send home letter
Yi Chai Fei
Red makeup Shoukong
The third watchman enters a dream Unpredictable safety
Sorrowful thoughts of gray Still a lot of losses in the big festival
Undoing lives forever
Follow the Han Dynasty
After reading the words of "Su Wu Shepherd", people feel sad and desolate; I want to be happy and sing "Prairie Pastoral":
is the white clouds in the blue sky
is the flock of the pasture
The flowers on the grass beach open for me
I am an eagle on the grassland
Grassland, blue sky, white clouds, sheep...Always connected together. In the textbooks of primary and middle school students, we can enjoy the poetry from the prairie. You listen to an Inner Mongolia folk song "Pastoral":
The blue sky is floating with the white clouds,
There are snow-white sheep under the white clouds.
The flock of sheep seems to be splattered silver,
Sprinkle on the grassland so love Sharen!
There is a happy "Little Shepherd Flute" in the primary school music textbook. Sing in the song:
Little shepherd flute, blowing and singing, my brother feeds the sheep and I feed the geese, he drives the sheep up the mountain, I drive the geese down the river...
"Sheep Shearing" is an Australian folk song. The meaning of the lyrics is:
The grassland on the other side of the river is white, as if white clouds are floating from the sky. You can see that the surrounding snowdrifts are like winter, this is our sheep shearing.
Sheep, don’t tremble, don’t be afraid, don’t worry about your old leather jacket, you don’t need it in the hot summer, and you put on a new leather jacket in autumn.
The white wool is like silk cotton, and the sharp scissors click. As long as we all work hard, a happy life will come.
After singing the song, let's listen to the story.
5. The endless story of sheep
1. Su Wu Shepherd the Sheep—The story of the ambassador and the "Shepherd" in 19 years.
After the establishment of the Han Dynasty, it was constantly threatened by the Northern Huns. The harassment of the Xiongnu annoyed Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty. He once sent generals Wei Qing and Huo Qubing to fight against the Huns many times. Every time the Huns were defeated, they sent envoys to ask for peace. For the friendship between the two sides, the emperor of the Han Dynasty often sent envoys. But the Xiongnu often detained the Han envoys on excuses.
Su Wu was sent to the Xiongnu by Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty as a messenger. On the grassland, the Huns hosted a banquet for the envoys of the Han Dynasty. But due to changes, Su Wu was interrogated as a prisoner. In order to maintain his dignity, Su Wu drew his sword and wiped it on his neck.
After Su Wu’s sword wound healed, the Huns did everything possible to persuade him to surrender. Su Wuning couldn't follow. He was locked in the cellar without eating or drinking. In the twelfth lunar winter, he quenched his thirst with snow and tore off the fur in the cotton jacket to satisfy his hunger. Shan Yu issued an order to exile him to Beihai for herding sheep. From then on, he has been with the sheep, talking with the sheep; with the cold, talking with the grassland.
This shepherd's life lasted 19 years. Su Wu fought against fate with tenacious perseverance. In 85 AD, the Xiongnu Shanyu died in civil strife, and Xindanyu sent envoys to the Han Dynasty to seek peace. The Emperor Wu of the Han also passed away, and the Emperor Zhao of the Han sent an envoy to take Su Wu back.
The story of Su Wu and Shepherd, like that famous song, whimpers with sad beauty.
2. The fate from slave to prime minister in exchange for five ramskins-the story of Bai Lixi.
This story happened in Nanyang. There was a man named Bai Lixi, who was poor in his youth and wandered around. In the seventh century BC, Jin Xiangong destroyed Yu, captured Yugong and his doctors Jing Bo and Bai Lixi, and accompanied them to Qin as Mu Ji's wives.
Bailixi could not bear the life of a slave, fled to Wan (Nanyang), and was captured by Chu people. Qin Mugong learned that he redeemed him with five ramskins. Thus, Bai Lixi went from slave to prime minister. With his assistance, the State of Qin opened thousands of miles to dominate Xi Rong. When he died, Qin's men and women were sorrowful, the children did not sing, and the workers did not make a sound.
3, a classic fairy tale-the story of "The Wolf and the Lamb".
I guess, out of a hundred children, ninety-nine children grew up listening to the fairy tale of "The Wolf and the Lamb." Whether it is a foreign country in China, whether it is a city or a country; whether it is black or white, whether it is ancient or modern; whether it is a boy or a girl, whether it is a good or bad person... The fairy tale of "Wolf and the Lamb" travels the world through word of mouth. Although this story is famous, it has been spread in different languages and different nationalities, and various versions have been interpreted in various versions.
This is the original "Wolf and Lamb" in "Aesop's Fables".
A lamb was drinking water by the river. When the wolf saw it, he thought: How can I just eat this lamb?
So, he figured out a way, and ran upstream, and complained viciously that the lamb had muddled the river and prevented him from drinking the water. The lamb replied: "I only stand by the river and drink water. Besides, I am downstream. I will definitely not muddy the upstream water." Seeing that this was impossible, the wolf said, "My father was scolded by you last year." The sheep said, I was not born yet. The wolf said to the lamb: "No matter how you argue, I won't let you go anyway."
This shows that any justification is invalid to the wicked.
4. The story of five sheep and Guangzhou city.
There is a statue of Five Goats in Yuexiu Mountain in Guangzhou City, which seems to tell people the origin of "Yangcheng". The mouth of the ram in the middle holds the ear of grain, which means that Guangzhou is abbreviated as "sui". The five sheep head south, as if telling a beautiful story to tourists.
This story is called "Five Immortals Bestowed by the Valley". At the end of the Zhou dynasty, Guangzhou was a thousand miles away, and the grains were not collected. The government is like a wolf and a tiger, urging taxation. The father of a teenager was arrested and put in jail. He would be fed a shark if he could not pay the rent after three days. The desperate young man cried like an ancient ape's night, weeping. His cries alarmed Wu Fang and Wu Lao Dijun. He sent five envoys to the mortal world to save people. Eastern messengers wear blue dresses and ride green sheep; northern messengers wear black dresses and ride black sheep; southern messengers wear red dresses and ride red sheep; western messengers wear white dresses and ride white sheep; central messengers wear yellow dresses. Take the yellow sheep. They came to the world with five-colored grains in their hands.
The five envoys said to the crying teenager: You are sad for your father, cry for the people, filial piety and love, worry about the country and the people, and your emotions are moving. "After finishing speaking, he gave the corn ears in his hand to the young man; and asked him to plant the corn tonight, water and fertilize, and he could harvest the grain at dawn.
All the gods put their palms together and wished: "Southeast, northwest, in the middle of the world, the five lakes are in the same ocean; today, we are sprinkling a thousand particles, and I wish to live ten people!" After the end of the wish, there is no white smoke.
The young man planted millet overnight, as the Five Immortals said, and he harvested golden crops by the morning of the next day.
I saved my father with food. Wuxian once again came to the world to teach him father and son spring and autumn harvest. The officials heard that they came like wolves. The god of five directions rose into the sky, and because of his urgency, he left the god of five directions on the ground. The official sent to catch the sheep, and the five god sheep became five stone sheep.
5. Wonderful replay-the story of a beautiful girl and a goat in a world famous book.
The foundational work of romantic literature in the 19th century, the French writer Hugo’s "Notre Dame de Paris" has a classic picture that is unforgettable.
On the river beach square, a girl is dancing. Is this girl a fairy or an angel? She really looks like an otherworldly elf! The poet Gringoire thought: "Really, she is a fire spirit, a mountain fairy, a goddess, and a wine from Mount Manalus. God sacrifice girl!"
This 16-year-old beautiful girl Esmeralda stopped after dancing, followed by a beautiful kid performing magic tricks. This little goat has a beautiful name called "Jia Li", is white and very clever. The horns on its head and the feet on its legs are golden yellow. There is also a gold-plated necklace around the neck.
The beautiful girl handed the drum in front of the goat and asked what month it was. The goat raised its front foot and tapped on the drum. It is indeed January. The audience applauded. The girl asked, what's the date today. The goat hit the drum six times with its golden feet. The girl asked what time it was, and the goat knocked it seven times. The goat also acted as the captain of the city defense blunderbuss team, showing the greedy and fake appearance to life. Goat was still under the command of the young girl to learn how to preach in a church court, and imitated that move, tone, and posture beautifully.
7, "Aesop's Fables"-a mysterious story box full of sheep.
According to legend, "Aesop's Fables" was made by a slave who was released from the 6th century BC and was later killed. There are countless stories about sheep in the book. Like "The Fox and the Billy Goat Falling into the Well", "The Little Goat and the Wolf Who Flutes", "The Wolf and Sheep Full of Food", "Shepherd and Sheep", "Bull and Wild Goat", "Wolf and Sheep" The Flock and the Ram, The Shepherd and the Dog, The Goat and the Shepherd, The Little Goat and the Wolf Standing on the Roof, The Mother Goat and the Vine, The Crow and the Sheep, etc. It seems that the sheep played the leading role in the fable.
The story of "The Lying Sheep Baby" told by the kindergarten aunt may be unforgettable for a lifetime. A sheep-herding baby drove his sheep to a place far outside the village to graze. He always lied, made jokes, and often called for help to the villagers, lied that wolves were coming to attack his sheep. In the first two or three times, the villagers were so alarmed that they immediately ran to help him, but he laughed at him, so they had to walk back boringly. Later, one day, the wolf really came, rushed into the flock, biting and killing. The Shepherd Baby shouted for help to the people in the village. The people in the village thought he was lying again as usual, joking, and no one ignored him. As a result, all his sheep were eaten by wolves.
This story shows that those who often tell lies, even if one day tells the truth, no one believes it.
As we enter the Year of the Goat, we will get better and better when we read poems, sing goat songs, and listen to stories about goats. We wish people good luck in the Year of the Goat.