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Culture of Integrity in Idioms

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Culture of Integrity in Idioms


In ancient China, there have been many upright and honest officials who have been in the annals of history. Their deeds of serving the country and the people and serving their duties have been passed down from generation to generation, and they have gradually accumulated in the cultural treasure house of the Chinese nation in the form of idioms.

The idiom "not being greedy is treasure" originated from the people of Song Dynasty (now Shangqiu, Henan) in the Spring and Autumn Period. Lexi was in the position of Sicheng in Song Ping and was ranked as the Sixth Qing. At that time, an individual from Song State found a piece of precious jade, took it to see Lexi, and wanted to give it to him. Lexi asked inexplicably, "You gave me such a precious treasure. Maybe you want me to do something for you? However, I never accept gifts from others." Song Ren hurriedly shook his head and said: " I don’t have anything to do for me. According to jade workers’ appraisal, this gem is a rare thing, so I want to dedicate it to you.” Lexi refused to say: “I take not greedy property as a treasure, but you take jade It's a treasure. After accepting your jade, both of us have lost the treasure." Since then, "not being greedy for treasure" has become a good talk.

"No connection between fire and water" and "Candied fruit in cup of water" refer to the deeds of Zhao Gui in the early years of the Sui Dynasty. Zhao Gui Fengzhao went to Qizhou (now Jinan City, Shandong) to take up his post. He kept on running day and night. On the way, the entourage horse ran into the field and ruined the crops. Zhao Gui stopped and stopped driving. He waited until dawn and compensated the farmers for their losses before setting off.

During the four years when Zhao Gui served as Qizhou Biejia, he has done many good things for the local people. Later, he was promoted to an official position in the court. Before leaving, the people nearby held clear water in their hands and presented them to him, and said excitedly: "Don't be in the official position. You don't pay water and fire with the people, so you dare not send it with a pot of wine." This is "no friendship between fire and water." And the origins of "the cup of water", later generations will be used to describe the officials' cleanliness and self-care, and nothing to gain from the people.

The familiar idiom "two sleeves and clear breeze" comes from the famous poem "Entering Beijing" by Yu Qian of the Ming Dynasty: "Juanpa mushrooms and incense, the capital and civilian use are bad; the breeze should go up to the sky, so that Lu and Yan will not be short and long." Ming During the orthodox years, the government was corrupt, corruption became widespread, and bribery of public offices. At that time, when local officials came to Beijing to see the emperor, they searched for many native products from the local people and dedicated them to the dignitaries. Yu Qian, the governor of other provinces, brought nothing when he came to Beijing, and wrote this poem mocking the unhealthy gift-giving practices at the time. Later, this idiom became a sign that officials were clean and honest and did not merge with bad times and prevailed.